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Maneuvering for Ethnic Hegemony. A Thorny Issue in The North... Vol. II
MANEUVERING FOR ETHNIC HEGEMONY. A THORNY ISSUE IN THE NORTH KIVU PEACE PROCESS (DR CONGO). Volume II : The 1996/1997 Invasion of the “Tutsi Without Borders” and the Remote Reconciliation in North Kivu
The motive behind the choice of the topic is threefold: to bring to the fore the discrepancy between the propaganda we were fed and the harmful situation we lived in for years, to discuss the impediments to peace and stability in the region today, and to show who did what in this twenty-one-year-old (March 1993-March 2014) and devastating war in North Kivu. In this last case, I will stress the leading role of the Tutsi who, paradoxically, present themselves as sheep and victims. I call it a strategy of self-sanctification. By doing so, I give credit to Guy Diomi Ndongala’s 2010 conclusion: “The creation of a Hima-Tutsi empire gravely jeopardizes the pacification of the DRC, they who surpassed their Judaeo-Christian masters in cynicism and cruelty”, the “coupeurs de tête modernes”/the most killers of the modern times (Manlio Dinucci). Today in March 2014, the DRC is, in principle, embarked on the path to post-conflict reconstruction and development; and yet, there is no good news to celebrate or to be proud of. Therefore, one of the main findings is that, in this whole war and peace process, the DRC came out as the biggest loser because its future is being shaped violently by the American, British, and Israeli imperialists through the MONUC/MONUSCO and Hima-Tutsi mercenaries, their hunting and watchdogs in central Africa.
Stanislas Bucyalimwe Mararo is a Congolese historian (PhD, IUB, 1990). For his university studies, he earned grants from the Congolese government (University Lovanium & UNAZA/Lubumbashi, 1970-1974), Fulbright, The IUB Graduate School and African Studies Program, The Sigma Xi, The Rockefeller Foundation and the Social Science Research Council (IUB, 1985-1990). He was the post-doctoral Fellow of the Program in Agrarian Studies/Yale University in New Haven (Connecticut) during the 1994-1995 academic year.
School curriculum : Primary School, Mululu/Kibabi (1956-1962); Secondary School, Junior Seminar of Rugari and Buhimba/Goma (1962-1968); Advanced Studies in Philosophy and Social Sciences, Senior Seminary of Murhesa/Bukavu (1968-1970); University Lovanium and National University of Zaire, Kinshasa/Lubumbashi (1970-1974); Intensive English Courses, State University of New York at Buffalo/SUNYAB (Summer 1985); M.A. and Ph.D, IUB in the USA (Fall 1985-Spring 1990).
Professional experience : 23 years of teaching in the Universities and Colleges of Kivu: ISP-Bukavu, Grand Séminaire/Murhesa, UEA, CUB, ISP-Rutshuru; 16 years experience as a researcher (1998-2014) at the Center of the Study of the Great Lakes Region in Africa (IDPM/University of Antwerp, Belgium).